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Escape from Tradition : Focusing on Perspective of Marriage among Indonesian Female Migrant Workers in South Korea

Rini (Rini, Sungkonghoe University, Master of Arts in Inter-Asia NGO Studies)

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초록 moremore
In Indonesia, where the society has been described as overly patriarchal, women are subordinate to men within the family and the state/government. Women's primaries civic are duties performed in their role as wives and mothers. Apart from their role as a wife and mother, most women are still treated...
In Indonesia, where the society has been described as overly patriarchal, women are subordinate to men within the family and the state/government. Women's primaries civic are duties performed in their role as wives and mothers. Apart from their role as a wife and mother, most women are still treated as ‘birth-giving-machines’ and, in general, do not know their own reproductive rights. Early marriage in rural area poses a major problem in Indonesia society. The situation of women who until in their late 30s have not been married is very awkward in Indonesia, because delay in marriage to this extent has not yet normatively been accepted in this “universal marriage” society. Contrary to the situation where women in rural area tend to get married at young age, Indonesian female migrant workers resist the existing mainstream norms in Indonesia that women have to get married at a young. This kind of tendency to refuse or postpone being married early emerges as a significant phenomenon among Indonesian female migrant workers in Korea. There are various reasons among the respondents that made them not to follow the traditional values even before their migration to South Korea. One of the significant reasons is because they have been breadwinners for their family since they are young, and the only way to overcome their economic situation is to become migrant workers in South Korea. And in order to have sustainable living conditions and economic security when they return to Indonesia, the respondents invest their money in property, buy some lands, field rice, farming and other some small business run by their parents or family members. However, the respondents never asked their parents how these spent the money in detail. This lowers their bargaining position, when they return to Indonesia. They will face serious matters: traditional values and the patriarchal system in their village.
목차 moremore
List of Abbreviations 3
Prologue 6
INTRODUCTION 9
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List of Abbreviations 3
Prologue 6
INTRODUCTION 9
1.1. Background 9
1.2. Research Objective 15
Chapter 2: LITERATURE REVIEW 16
2.1. Definition of the term ‘Migrant Worker’ 16
2.2. Definition of the term ‘Empowerment’ 18
2.3. Early Marriage in Indonesia 19
2.4. The labour immigration scheme in South Korea: From Industrial Trainee System to Employment Permit System 22
2.4.1. The Industrial-Trainee System 22
2.4.2. The Employment Permit System 23
2.5. The Migration Process 28
CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH DESIGN 33
3.1. Research Methodology 33
3.2. Characteristic of Respondents 35
3.3. Research Area 41
CHAPTER 4: FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS 43
4.1. Marriage perspective of Indonesian Female Migrants Workers before and after Migration 43
4.2. Aspect of Migration Which Shapes Indonesian Migrant Workers Perspective of Marriage 45
4.3. The Way Indonesian Female Migrant Workers Overcome the Patriarchal Culture upon Returning to Indonesia 48
CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION 54
References 58