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Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria : Impeding Factors and Prospects

Najimdeen Oyekunle Faruq

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Nigeria is facing a difficult political transition since fifty-five (55) years of independence. Today, like in many other countries, democracy has become a popular political system among the people. After several military regimes, the country has just attained 16 years of uninterrupted democracy, wi...
Nigeria is facing a difficult political transition since fifty-five (55) years of independence. Today, like in many other countries, democracy has become a popular political system among the people. After several military regimes, the country has just attained 16 years of uninterrupted democracy, with the general view that the system is yet to be consolidated. This work thus, explores the country’s democratic system, in an attempt to evaluate notable constraints bedeviling the system’s consolidation. Nigeria is a multi-ethnic country with over 250 ethnic groups and country, being dominated by the three major ethnic groups; Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba and Ibo has always affected democratic consolidation in the country along with the long history of constant military interventions. The general and popular belief is that, democracy would facilitate growth and development, ensure peace and security, and promote national unity, which are yet to be achieved. It is against this premise that this project sets out to mirror some important past and most current incidents that have great impacts on consolidating Nigeria’s nascent democracy. The study examines democratic processes in Nigeria to understand the interplay of society and governance. It examines the system and identifies factors impeding democratic consolidation in Nigeria and evaluates the prospects of democracy in the country. The work used mail survey and secondary data garnered from review of relevant texts, and excerptions from library and printed materials including the constitution of Nigeria (1999), official publications and electronic media.
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Chapter 1
Introduction 1
1.1 Pictographic Prologue 1
...
Chapter 1
Introduction 1
1.1 Pictographic Prologue 1
1.2 Nigeria in Brief 5
1.3 Research Objective 7
1.4 Significant of Study 7
1.5 Scope and Limitation of Study 7
1.6 Methodology 8
1.7 Political Parties and Formation 8
1.8 Independence and Efficiency of Power Separation 10
1.9 The Rule of Law 11

Chapter 2
Literature Review 16
2.1 The Concept of Democracy and Democratic Process 16
2.2 Governance in Nigeria 21
2.2.1 Good Governance 22
2.2.2 Bad Governance 23
2.3 Military Regimes in Nigeria 23
2.4 Accountability and Transparency 27

Chapter 3
Features of Governance in Nigeria 29
3.1 Gross Financial Corruption 30
3.2 Electoral Malpractices 32
3.3 Political Identity and Affiliation 35
3.4 Ethno-Religious and Identity Conflicts 35
3.5 Insecurity 37

Chapter 4
Consolidating Democracy in Nigeria 41
4.1 Effective State 42
4.2 Active Civil Societies 43
4.3 Functional Institutions 45
4.3.1 The Constitution 45
4.3.2 The Legislature 47
4.3.3 The Judiciary 49
4.3.4 The Electoral Board 50
4.3.5 The Police 50
4.4 Sustainable Human Rights and Civil Liberty 51
4.5 Impact of NGOs 54

Chapter 5
Conclusion 57